All about essential oils
Pharmaceutical companies have been around for less than 150 years. So what did people do for health before that? We were first introduced to essential oils only a few years ago. We used Oregano oil to treat wounds and help fight off colds, and Peppermint oil for upset stomach, but that was the extent of our knowledge. A friend then started getting us to try some of her theraputic grade essential oils and a whole new avenue of wholistic care opened to our family.
It is important to note that not all essential oils are the same. Theraputic grade oils are hospital grade – this is the only grade we will use in our family and our company. It is also important to note that some companies will use solvents to distill larger amounts of the oil from the plant. Although this gives a larger volume of oil, it also gives a poorer quality of oil. To put things more clear, if I told you I washed my lettuce and celery in hexane or turpentine, would you come for salad at my house? But what if I told you I wiped it off…would that change your mind? MOST citrus essential oils, including therapeutic grade oils from very well known companies use hexane to extract the oils before distilling. Buying from a reputable name is NOT always the way to ensure quality. Know your supplier and ask questions.
It is also important to know if you are using essential oils whether the oil is pure or blended. Blends are simply a pure oil diluted with a vegetable based oil. Oregano is an example of why you would use a blend. Pure Oregano can cause irritation and burning on the skin. If taken internally, it can also be quite unpleasant to the tongue in its pure form but if diluted with the correct amount of quality vegetable based oil (virgin olive oil) it is readily usable for the body.
Essential oils have been used for a multitude of reasons for thousands of years. At one time they were prized more than gold and silver. Below is a overview of the essential oils we carry:
Arnica Flower (Heterotheca inuloides) – Natural grown pesticide free – Also known as Mexican Arnica promotes healing and has an antibacterial action. Ointments and lotions made from this plant are used to treat bruises, sprains, rheumatism, varicose veins, and diverse skin infections due to bacteria and fungi (molds). The active ingredients in Arnica have mild anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antiseptic actions. DO NOT USE on broken skin. *
Bergamot (Citrus bergamia)has the fresh, sweet, citrus scent that is familiar to many as the flavoring in Earl Grey Tea. Uplifting and relaxing, it is good for building confidence and enhancing your mood. It has a long history of use for oily and troubled skin. Bergamot can be used for agitation, depression, anxiety, intestinal parasites, insomnia, viral infections (Herpes, cold sores). It is antibacterial, antidepressant and is calming.*
Calendula (Calendula officinalis) Ancient cultures recognized and used the healing properties of calendula. In some of the earliest medical writings, calendula was recommended for treating ailments of the digestive tract. It was used to detoxify the liver and gall bladder. The flowers were applied to cuts and wounds to stop bleeding, prevent infection and speed healing. Calendula was also used for various women’s ailments, and to treat a number of skin conditions. During the American Civil War, calendula flowers were used on the battlefields in open wounds as antihemorrhagic and antiseptic, and they were used in dressing wounds to promote healing. Calendula also was used in this way during World War I. Calendula has been historically significant in medicine in many cultures, and it is still important in alternative medicine today. The flowers of this plant have been widely used medicinally for years to reduce pain and swelling (inflammation) and to treat poorly healing wounds and leg ulcers. It can also be applied to the skin for varicose veins and inflammation of the lining of the eyelid (conjunctivitis).*
Cinnamon bark (Cinnamomum cassia blume) The warm, spicy aroma of cinnamon has been sought throughout the ages both as a valuable commodity and for its ability to improve wellness. Young Living Therapeutic Grade™ cinnamon bark is meticulously tested to ensure that no dilution from similar-smelling oils has occurred. Cinnamon is thought to promote healthy cardiovascular and immune function, and acts as an antiseptic. It is a powerful anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, anticoagulant, cirulatory stimulant, stomcach protectant (ulsers), and antiparasitic (worms).* You can also use it to enhance your cooking or dilute and massage to create a soothing, relaxing sensation. ORAC: 10,340 uTE/100g.
Clove (Syzygium aromaticum) has a sweet, spicy fragrance that is stimulating and revitalizing. It has wonderful immune-enhancing properties, its principal constituent is eugenol, which is used in the dental industry to numb the gums. Clove essential oil is antiaging, antitumoral, antimicrobial, antifungal, antiviral, analgesic/anesthetic, antioxidant, anticoagulant, anti-inflammatory, stomach protectant (ulcers), antiparasitic (worms), and anticonvulsant. It is used for all types of pain, throat/sinus/lung infections, cataracts, ulcers, lice, toothache, acne, cardiovascular disease, arthritis/rheumatism, and hepatitis.* Clove is the highest-scoring single ingredient ever tested for its antioxidant capacity on the ORAC scale. ORAC: 1,078,700 uTE/100g.
Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens) is especially comforting during the winter season. Its fresh, herbaceous, slightly evergreen aroma is refreshing and restores feelings of security and stability. Cypress is also beneficial for oily or troubled skin. Helps heal emotional trama, calms, soothes anger, and helps life flow better. Can help soothe irritating coughs and minor chest discomfort.* Approximate ORAC of 243,120 (TE/L). TE/L is expressed as micromole Trolox equivalent per liter. Possible skin sensitivity. If pregnant or under a doctor’s care, consult your physician. Do not use near fire, flame, heat or sparks.
Eucalyptus Globulus has a fresh, penetrating scent. It contains a high percentage of the constituent eucalyptol, a key ingredient in many mouth rinses. It is an expectorant, mucolytic, antimicrobial, antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral and is antiaging as well. Eucalyptus globulus can be used for respitory/sinus infections, decongestant, rheumatism/arthritis, and to soothe sore muscles.* Approximate ORAC of 24,157 (TE/L). TE/L is expressed as micromole Trolox equivalent per liter.
Eucalyptus Radiata is cooling, refreshing, and energizing. Lighter in smell than Eucalyptus globulus, it has many of the same supportive properties. Because it is relatively gentle and nonirritating, it is the preferred choice for children. Eucalyptus radiata is antibacterial, antiviral, expectorant, and anti-inflammatory. It can be used for respiratory/sinus infections, and viral infections.*
Frankincense (Boswellia carteri) has a sweet, warm, balsamic aroma that is stimulating and elevating to the mind. Useful for visualizing, improving one’s spiritual connection, and centering, it has comforting properties that help focus the mind and overcome stress and despair. It has been used in European and American hospitals and is the subject of substantial research. Frankincense is also a valuable ingredient in skin care products for aging and dry skin. It is antitumeral, immunostimulant, an antidepressant and a muscle relaxant. Frankincense may be used for depression, cancer, respiratory infections, inflammation, and as an immune-stimulant. * ORAC: 6,125 (TE/L). TE/L is expressed as micromole Trolox equivalent per liter. Avoid using on infants and very small children.
Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens) has a wonderfully uplifting, calming, flowery scent. It is excellent for the skin, and its aromatic influence helps release negative memories. Used traditionally to support the circulatory and nervous systems, a great deal of its strength lies in its ability to revitalize body tissues.* Geranium has an approximate ORAC of 1,010,011 (TE/L). TE/L is expressed as micromole Trolox equivalent per liter.
Grapefruit (Citrus paradisi) has a fresh, citrus aroma that is energizing, uplifting and nourishing to the skin. Rich in the powerful antioxidant d-limonene, which has been extensively studied in over 50 clinical studies for its ability to combat tumor growth. Originating from South Africa and California, grapefruit is antitumoral, metaboic stimulant, antiseptic, detoxifying, fat-dissolving, cleansing for kidneys, lymphatic and vascular system.* Grapefruit may also be used to enhance the flavor of food and water. ORAC: 226,234 (TE/L). TE/L is expressed as micromole Trolox equivalent per liter.
Jasmine (Jasminum officinale) is actually an “essence” not an essential oil. The flowers must be picked at night and with great care to maximize fragrance. One pound of jasmine oil requires about 1,000 pounds of jasmine or 3.6 million fresh, unpacked flowers. The blossoms must be collected before sunrise, or much of the fragrance will have evaporated. The quality of the blossoms may also be compromised if they are crushed. A single pound of jasmine oil may cost between $1,200 and $4,500. In contrast, synthetic jasmine oils can be obtained for $3.50 per pound, but they do not possess the same therapeutic qualities as pure oil. Jasmine oil is beneficial for dry, oily, irritated, or sensitive skin and can also be uplifting and stimulating. It combats depression, nervous exhaustion, and discord.*
Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) has a fresh, sweet, floral, herbaceous aroma that is soothing and refreshing. Lavender is an adaptogen, and therefore can assist the body when adapting to stress or imbalances. It is a great aid for relaxing and winding down before bedtime, yet has balancing properties that can also boost stamina and energy. Therapeutic-grade lavender is highly regarded for health and beauty needs. It may be used to soothe and cleanse common cuts, and bruises as well as for respiratory infections, high blood pressure, arteriosclerosis, menstrual problems/ PMS, skin conditions (perineal repair, acne, eczema, psoriasis, scarring, stretch marks), burns, hair loss, insomnia, and nervous tension. *ORAC: 3,669 (TE/L). TE/L is expressed as micromole Trolox equivalent per liter. Possible skin sensitivity. If pregnant or under a doctor’s care, consult your physician. Dilution not required; suitable for all but the most sensitive skin. Generally safe for children over 2 years of age.
Lemon (Citrus Medica Limonum) has a strong, purifying, citrus scent that is revitalizing and uplifting. Lemon consists of 68 percent dlimonene, a powerful antioxidant. It is delightfully refreshing in water and may be beneficial for the skin. Lemon may also be used to enhance the flavor of foods. Lemon essential oil is cold-pressed from the rinds of lemons. In his book, The Practice of Aromatherapy, Valnet wrote that lemon is a tonic for supporting the nervous and sympathetic nervous system. It is also antitumoral, antiseptic, improves microcirculation, and immune stimulant (increases white blood cells), improves memory and relaxation. * ORAC: 6,619 (TE/L). TE/L is expressed as micromole Trolox equivalent per liter.
Lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) has a light, fresh, citrus aroma with earthy undertones. Refreshing, rejuvenating, stimulating, and balancing, it inspires and improves mental clarity. It is antifungal, antibacterial, antiparasitic, anti-inflammatory, regenerates connective tissues and ligaments, dilates blood vessels, improves circulation and promotes lymph flow. Lemongrass is used for bladder infections, respiratory/sinus infection, digestive problems, parasites, torn ligaments/muscles, fluid retention, varicose veins and Salmonella.* Lemongrass also supports the circulatory system* and has a score of 17,765 on the antioxidant ORAC scale. Research was published in the Phytotherapy Research Journal regarding the powerful properties of topically applied lemongrass.
Lime (Citrus aurantifolia) has an intense, crisp, fresh, citrus peel aroma. Lime has been used historically in skin care and in supporting and strengthening the respiratory and immune systems. Lime is known for it’s rejuvenating, refreshing, cheering, clearing, cooling, inspiring, invigorating, stimulating and uplifting properties. It has ben used for skin conditions such as acne and herpes, insect bites, respiratory problems and to decongest the lymphatic system.
Mandarin (Citrus reticulata) Originates from Madagascar, Italy and is cold pressed from the rind to produce an appeasing, gentle scent that promotes happiness. Mandarin may have properties of light antispasmodic, digestive tonic, antifungal and stimulates the bladder. It is rich in limonene, which has been extensively studied in over 90 clinical studies for its ability to combat tumor growth. Mandarin can be used for digestive problems, fluid retention, insomnia, anxiety, intestinal problems, and skin problems (congested and oily skin, scars, acne).* ORAC:26,500 uTE/100g.
Marjoram (Origanum majorana) has a woody, spicy aroma. A calming oil, it has a warming effect on both mind and body and soothes tense muscles after exercise. It is beneficial for occasional simple nervous tension* and may also be used for cooking. ORAC: 1,390,055 (TE/L). TE/L is expressed as micromole Trolox equivalent per liter.
Melaleuca alternifolia is highly regarded for its wide range of uses. It supports the immune system and is beneficial for the skin. Commonly known as Tea Tree Oil. Melaleuca has powerful antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, antiparasitic and anti-inflammatory action. It can be used for fungal infections, sinus/lung infections, tooth/gum disease, water retention/hypertension, and skin conditions (acne, sores).*
Melaleuca quinquenervia (Niaouli) originates from Austrailia and is steam distilled from leaves and twigs. It’s properties include male hormone-like, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiviral, and antiparasitic. This form of Melaleuca can be used for hypertension, urinary tract/bladder infections, respiratory/sinus infections and allergies.* ORAC: 18,600 uTE/100g.
Myrrh (Commipihora myrrha) has a rich, smoky, balsamic aroma that is purifying, restorative, revitalizing, and uplifting. It is a helpful aid to meditation, having one of the highest levels of sesquiterpenes available. Sesquiterpenes are a class of compounds that have a direct effect on the hypothalamus, pituitary, and amygdala, the seat of our emotions. Myrrh is referenced throughout the Old and New Testaments of the Bible. The Arabian people believed it helped wrinkled, chapped, and cracked skin. Today, myrrh is widely used in oral hygiene products. It is a powerful antioxicant, antitumoral, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, and antiparasitic.* ORAC: 3,193,813 (TE/L). TE/L is expressed as micromole Trolox equivalent per liter.
Myrtle (Myrtus communis) has a clear, fresh, herbaceous scent, similar to eucalyptus. Supportive of the respiratory system, skin, and hair, it has been researched for its effects on glandular imbalances* and its soothing effects when inhaled. It is also helpful for meditation and lifting the spirit. Myrtle has an approximate ORAC of 253,512 (TE/L). TE/L is expressed as micromole Trolox equivalent per liter.
Niaouli (Melaleuca quinquenervia) is another great esential oil with anti-infections, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, anti-parasitic properties. Niaouli has been used to treat hypertension, urinary tract/bladder infetions, respiratory/sinus infections, and allergies. *ORAC of 18,600 uTE/100g.
Sweet Orange (Citrus sinensis) essential oil has a rich, fruity scent that lifts the spirit while providing a calming influence on the body. Orange brings peace and happiness to the mind. It is rich in the powerful antioxidant d-limonene and aids in maintaining normal cellular regeneration.* Orange may also be used to enhance the flavor of food or water. ORAC: 18,898 (TE/L). TE/L is expressed as micromole Trolox equivalent per liter.
Oregano (Origanum vulgare, Origanum onites, Origanum minutiflorum, Origanum majorana) is one of the most powerful and versatile essential oils. It contains strong immune-enhancing and antioxidant properties and supports the respiratory system.* Oregano may also be used to enhance the flavor of food. Oregano has powerful antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal, antiparasitic, anti-inflammatory properties. It is also an immune stimulant and antiaging as well. It is used for arthritis/rheumatism respitory infections diseases, infections/tuberculosis, and disgestive problems. The chemo-type of Young Living’s Oregano is Carvacrol. ORAC: 153,007 (TE/L). TE/L is expressed as micromole Trolox equivalent per liter.
Palmarosa (Cymbopogon martini) essential oil is steam distilled from the leaves of the plant. This oil can be stimulating and soothing to the body and mind. A relative of lemongrass, palmarosa has antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral properties as well it supports heart and nervous systems, stimulates new skin cell growth, regulates sebum production in skin.* ORAC: 127,800 uTE/100g.
Patchouli (Pogostemon cablin), sometimes called “the scent of the sixties,” has a musky, earthy, exotic aroma. In Eastern cultures, it is commonly used around the house to provide general support for health and to help release negative emotions. It is very beneficial for the skin, helping to reduce a wrinkled or chapped appearance. Patchouli is a general tonic that supports the digestive system and soothes occasional queasiness. It is a natural relaxant, digestive aid that combats nausia, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and releaves itching* ORAC: of 494,271 (TE/L). TE/L is expressed as micromole Trolox equivalent per liter.
Peppermint (Mentha piperita) has a strong, clean, fresh, minty aroma. Peppermint’s powerfully works as an anti-inflammatory, antitumoral, antiparasitic (worms), antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, gallbladder/digestive stimulant, pain reliever and curbs appetite. It is used for respiratory infections (pneumonia, tuberculosis, etc.), fungal infections/Candida, digestive problems, headaches, nausea, skin conditions (itchy skin, varicose veins, eczema, psoriasis, dermatitis), and scoliosis/lumbago/back problems.* Peppermint may also be used to enhance the flavour of food and water. ORAC: 373,455 (TE/L). TE/L is expressed as micromole Trolox equivalent per liter. It is important to note that there are two types of Peppermint – Peppermint (Mentha piperita) and Japanese Mint (Mentha arvensis). We choose to use Mentha arvensis as it is a traditional medicinal herb with a high menthol content. Mentha piperita is a hybrid mint grown in the west with a lower menthol content and a warmer, sweeter aroma.
Rose (Rosa centifolia) has a beautifully sweet, lush, exquisite honey-like aroma that is intoxicating and highly romantic. It helps bring balance and harmony with stimulating and uplifting properties that create a sense of well-being and self-confidence. Used for skin care for thousands of years, it is perfect for dry or aging skin. Therapeutic-grade Rose oil also reduces scarring and can be used to treat hypertension, anxiety, viral infections, skin conditions and ulcers.* ORAC: 1,604,284 (TE/L). TE/L is expressed as micromole Trolox equivalent per liter.
Rosewood (Aniba rosaeodora) has a lovely woody, floral scent that is comforting and soothing. It has a steadying and balancing effect on emotions and may help to uplift feelings of despair. Its soothing and refreshing qualities make it a sought-after ingredient in skin care products. Rosewood is antibacterial, antiviral, antiparasitic, antifungal, a stimulant and it improves skin elasticity.* ORAC: 1,131,978 (TE/L). TE/L is expressed as micromole Trolox equivalent per liter.
Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis CT cineol) has a fresh, herbaceous, sweet, slightly medicinal aroma. An energizing oil, it may be beneficial for helping to restore mental alertness when experiencing fatigue. It is also a popular ingredient in skin and hair care products. Rosemary is antibacterial, antiviral, antiparasitic, antifungal, stimulant, and improves skin elasticity.* Rosemary may also be used to enhance the flavor of food while cooking. ORAC of 3,309 (TE/L). TE/L is expressed as micromole Trolox equivalent per liter
Sandalwood (Santalum album) has an exotic, sweet, warm, soft, earthy aroma. It enhances sleep, may help remove negative programming from the cells. It is high in sesquiterpenes that stimulate the pineal gland and the limbic region of the brain, the center of emotions. The pineal gland is responsible for releasing melatonin, a powerful immune stimulant and antitumoral agent. Sandalwood can be grounding and stabilizing. It’s uses include cancer, viral infections (herpes simplex, herpes zoster, cold sores, human papilloma virus, etc., skin conditions (acne, wrinkles, scars, etc.) * ORAC of 160 (TE/L). TE/L is expressed as micromole Trolox equivalent per liter.
Spruce (Picea mariana) is softer and sweeter in aroma than other evergreen oils. It is refreshing, invigorating, and strengthening. It is supportive of the respiratory and nervous systems. Spruce is antispasmodic, antiparasitic, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, hormone-like, corrisone-like, immune stimulant. It also has a long history of use in the sauna, steam bath, and as an additive to baths or massage oils.*
Tangerine (Citrus reticulata) is a calming essential oil with a sweet, tangy aroma, similar to orange. It helps with occasional nervous irritability. An excellent oil to help uplift the spirit and bring about a sense of security, tangerine is also rich in the powerful antioxidant d-limonene. The properties of tangerine include antitumoral, relaxant, antispasmodic, digestive aid, and circulatory enhancer. It is used for insomnia, irritability, liver problems, digestive problems, parasites, fluid retention, anxiety, and obesity. *
Vetiver (Vetiveria zizanoides) has a heavy, earthy fragrance similar to patchouli with a touch of lemon. Vetiver oil is psychologically grounding, calming, and stabilizing. One of the oils that is highest in sesquiterpenes, vetiver was studied by Dr. Terry Friedmann for improving children’s behavior. Vetiver may help when coping with stress and to recover from emotional trauma and shock. It is an antiseptic, antispasmodic, relaxant, circulatory stimulant. Vetiver is used for ADHD, anxiety, rheumatism/arthritis, depression (including postpartum), insomnia, and for skin care (oily, aging, acne, wrinkles).* ORAC: 742,792 (TE/L). TE/L is expressed as micromole Trolox equivalent per liter.
Wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens) has a sweet, minty scent. The oil is distilled from the small evergreen herb’s leaves. The refreshing, clean taste of wintergreen has made it a favorite in flavoring numerous products. Wintergreen contains the same active ingredient (methyl salicylate) as birch and is beneficial in massage for soothing head tension and muscles after exercising. Wintergreen is anticoagulant, antispasmodic, highly anti-inflammatory, vasodilator, analgesic/anesthetic, reduces blood pressure, all types of pain. It is used for arthritis/rheumatism, muscle/nerve pain, hypertension, arteriosclerosis, and hepatitis/fatty liver.* ORAC: 1,018,439 (TE/L). TE/L is expressed as micromole Trolox equivalent per liter.
Ylang-ylang (Cananga odorata) has a sweet, soft, flowery fragrance that has made it a romantic favorite. In Indonesia, the petals are often strewn across a marriage bed. Ylang ylang is extremely effective in calming and bringing about a sense of relaxation, and it may help with releasing feelings of anger, tension, and nervous irritability. It has a long history in skin and hair care products, particularly in Asia, where it is used to promote luxuriant hair. Ylang Ylang is antispasmodic, vaso-dilating, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, antiparasitic and regulates heartbeat. It is used for cardiac arrhythmia, cardiac problems, anxiety, hypertension, depression, hair loss, intestinal problems.* ORAC: 1,300,478 (TE/L). TE/L is expressed as micromole Trolox equivalent per liter.
*The information on this page is an abridgement from the Essential Oils Desk Reference 5th Edition compiled by Life Science Publishing, copyright April 2011 and from Young Living Essential Oils. This information is designed to help educate the reader in regard to the subject matter covered. This information is provided with the understanding that the publisher, the authors, and Riverstone Studios are not liable for the misconception or misuse of the information provided. It is not provided in order to diagnose, prescribe, or treat any disease, illness or injured condition of the body. The authors, publisher, and Riverstone Studios shall have neither liability nor responsibility to any person or entity with respect to any loss, damage, or injury caused or alleged to be caused directly or indirectly by this information. Anyone pregnant, suffering from any disease, illness, or injury should consult a qualified health care professional. The information on this page has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent disease.